日本人形 Nihon Ningyo (Japanese traditional costume doll)
Nihon Ningyo is a generic name for the Japanese traditional dolls that wear Japanese traditional cloths (Kimono) and put her hair up with Japanese traditional hair style (Nihon-Gami). Generally speaking, a name of Nihon Ningyo is used for Isho Ningyo or Ichimatsu Ningyo. The following dolls are also included in Nihon Ningyo : Kimekomi Ningyo, Hakata Ningyo, Kokeshi, Gosho Ningyo, Nara Ningyo, Odai Ningyo, etc.
There are Nihon Ningyo as a crafts, so decorated as an ornament in home. On the other hand, there are also dolls of high artistic value.
When Ichimatsu Ningyo was presented to U.S.A. as a doll ambassador in 1927, the explanation of “Nihon Ningyo” was attached.
Nihon Ningyo is made in mainly Tokyo and Kyoto by many craftsmen that handle each works, for example, making the head, making the arms and legs, making Kimono, etc.
衣装人形 Isho Ningyo (Japanese traditional dress-up doll)
Isho Ningyo means a doll wearing the cloths, that is to say, Japanese traditional cloths Kimono. It is made with the various cloths, so we can find the position or occupation. For example, “Maiko (Apprentice geisha)”, “Fuji-Musume (Girl from one of Japanese traditional dances), “Machi-Musume (Daughter of merchant family in Edo period)”, “Guke-Musume (Daughter of Samurai family in Edo period)”, “Himegimi (Princess)”, etc.
市松人形 Ichimatsu Ningyo (One of Japanese traditional dress-up doll)
Ichimatsu Ningyo is one of Japanese traditional dress-up doll. It is known familiarly as “Ichima-san” in Kyoto-Osaka area. It is also called Azuma (East = Tokyo) Ningyo, Kyo Ningyo. And, Yamato Ningyo is a generic name for these dress-up dolls. The doll makers brought out a name “Yamato Ningyo” because the name of these dolls was different in each area.
おやま人形 Oyama Ningyo (One of Japanese traditional dress-up doll)
Oyama Ningyo is a generic name for female dress-up dolls. Many dolls wear the costume of Japanese traditional dance such as “Fuji Musume”, “Shiokumi”, etc. It is called Oyama Ningyo in tribute to a doll artist, OYAMA Jirosaburo. It is made by many craftsmen that handle each works, for example, making the head, making the arms and legs, making Kimono, etc.
能人形 Noh Ningyo (Doll taken a subject from Noh play)
Noh Ningyo is taken a subject from Noh play. A word of “Noh” was came from the Sino-Japanese (Japanese from China) for “skill” or “Talent”. It is a major form of classical Japanese musical drama that has been performed since 13th century. Many characters are masked, with men playing male and female roles.
Noh Ningyo represents a dancing scene from a Noh pray, for example, “Hagoromo”, “Okina”, “Shojo”, etc. It is for decoration.
木目込人形 Kimekomi Ningyo (One of Japanese traditional costume doll)
Kimekomi Ningyo is a wooden doll with Japanese costumes made from cloth with the edges tucked into grooves in the wood. The movement “cloth with the edges tucked into grooves in the wood” is expressed “Kimekomu (verb) in Japanese. It is said that a person served in Kamigamo shinto shrine in Kyoto stated to produce it. There are Kimekomi Ningyo that represents humans such as Hina Ningyo, the Seven Lucky Gods, etc. and also represents the another such as Eto (Zodiac), Temari (Ball), etc.
The ancestor of Kimekomi Ningyo is Kamo Ningyo (Kyoto), small dolls carved of willow and decorated with cloth scraps.
御所人形 Gosho Ningyo (Doll of Imperious palace)
Gosho means the old imperial palace in Kyoto. Mainly, Gosho Ningyo have the shape of boy baby or Mikado (Emperor) made from the earth or Toso (cray concocted the wood powder and glue) . It was started to produce from Edo Kyoho period (1716 - 36) in Kyoto. In Edo period, it was called Shiragiku (white chrysanth) Ningyo, Zudai (large head) Ningyo, Izuzo (a name of Ningyo shop) Ningyo. Gosho Ningyo is called from Meiji period. Gosho Ningyo has a high artistic value for decoration.
御台人形 Odai Ningyo (Doll of Imperious palace on the base)
Odai means a base, that is to say, Odai Ningyo is attached Gosho Ningyo, artificial flowers and another dolls on the wooden base and represents the scene of Noh pray or lucky items. Originally, Odai Ningyo was a very special doll that Japanese Emperor and Empress have presented the daughters in Imperial family for their birth or their first seasonal festival.
奈良人形 Nara Ningyo (Doll in Nara)
Nara is a historical city as a starting point of Japan. Nara shows the prefecture of Nara or Nara area. Nara Ningyo is a local doll. It is rustic doll made from wood by one-knife carving. It is said that it started from Edo period.
こけし Kokeshi (One of Japanese traditional doll)
The naming is not clear, but it is said that these dolls were originally made during the middle of the Edo period (1600–1868) to be sold to people who were visiting the hot spring in the north-east of the country.
博多人形 Hakata Ningyo (Hakata doll)
Hakata Ningyo is a biscuit-fired doll and one of the traditional crafts in Hakata prefecture. A traditional crafts designated by a Minister of Economy, Trade and Industryy. Hakata doll was started to produce from 17th century in Hakata. It appeared in the 1890 National Industrial Exhibition in Japan and in the Exposition Universelle in 1900 and became a topic of discussion. The “Dolls of the World” which were made with Hakata techniques and were so popular at the Paris World Expo, are now in a collection at the General Research Museum at Tokyo University.
雛人形 Hina Ningyo (A set of dolls displayed through the Girls' Festival season)
Hina Ningyo displays for Hinamatsuri, Doll’s day or Girl’s day. It is a special day in Japan. Hinamatsuri is celebrated each year on March 3. Hina Ningyo is a set of dolls for this special event. It represents the Emperor, Empress, attendants and musicians in traditional court dress of the Heian period on the platforms covered with a red carpet.
五月人形 Gogatsu Ningyo (Suit or Helmet of Samurai displayed throuth the Boy's Festival season)
Gogatsu means May. Gogatsu Ningyo displays for Tango no Sekku, the Boy’s festival. Tango no Sekku is a special event on May 5th to pray for the growth of boys healthily. This origin was came from China by the decoration Shobu (Sweet flag) to prevent illness. In Japan, from 12th century, Tango no Sekku was for boys because Shobu is same reading as Shobu ( Militarism). To pray the growth of boys healthily and strongly, a suit and (or) a Helmet of Samurai are (is) displayed through the Boy’s day. It is Gogatsu Ningyo.Read More